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Indra Overland


Indra Overland [Senior Researcher, Head of Research Group for Russia, Eurasia and the Arctic]

Indra   Overland
+(47) 22 99 40 16
+(47) 901 26 516
Post address:
Pb 8159 Dep, 0033 Oslo
Visiting address:
C.J. Hambros plass 2 D

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Current research

Head of NUPI's Energy Programme. Responsible for NUPI's part of the projcet RussCasp funded by Statoil and the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy via the Norwegian Research Council. Responsible for the project  cooperation between NUPI and the OSCE Academy in Central Asia.

Formal education
PhD, Scott Polar Research Institute, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Geography, University of Cambridge

Professional experience
Senior Research Fellow/Director, Energy Programme, NUPI
Senior Advisor, Nordic Research Board (NordForsk) on Russia, the Baltic States and EU
External Expert for World Bank in evaluation of Low-Income Countries Under Stress (LICUS)


Publications [vis kronologisk]

Articles (in books and journals)
  • Overland, Indra (2013). Gas, Price, and Russia's Modernization,

    in Osteuropa 63 (7)

    .Berlin,Berliner Wissenshafts-Verlag.p. 61-74.This article argues that to increase energy efficiency in Russia, subsidies should be cut and energy prices increased so as to create an incentive to save energy. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Jakub M. Godzimirski, Lars Petter Lunden, Daniel Fjærtoft (2013). Rosneft's offshore partnerships: the re-opening of the Russian petroleum frontier?,

    in Polar Record 49 (2)

    .Cambridge University Press.p. 140-153.This article analyses and compares the contents and contexts of major cooperation agreements between the Russian and state owned Rosneft and international companies. The goal is to ascertain what the agreements have to tell about access for international companies to Russia's offshore petroleum resources and the influence of competing Russian political actors over the country's petroleum sector. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Marte Ulvestad (2012). Natural Gas and CO2 price variation: Impact on the relative cost-efficiency of LNG and pipelines,

    i International Journal of Environmental Studies , Vol. 69, No. 3

    .Taylor Francis.p. 407-426.This article develops a formal model for comparing the cost structure of the two main transport options for natural gas: liquefied natural gas (LNG) and pipelines. In particular, it evaluates how variations in the prices of natural gas and greenhouse gas emissions affect the relative cost-efficiency of these two options. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Hilde Kutschera (2012). Subsidised Energy and Hesitant Elites in Russia,

    in Flammable societies. Studies on the Socio-economics of Oil and Gas. McNeish, John-Andrew; Logan, Owen (eds.)

    .London,Pluto.p. 201-218.In this book chapter, Indra Øverland and Hilde Kutschera examine the social discontent that higher energy prices in Russia may lead to, and the role fears over this discontent play in the hesitance of decision-makers. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2011). Close Encounters: Russian Policy-Making and International Oil Companies,

    in Elana Wilson Rowe and Julie Wilhelmsen (eds) Russia’s Encounter with Globalization

    .New York,Palgrave Macmillan.p. 134-158.This chapter differs from several of the others in this volume in that it deals with Russia’s encounter with globalization in a domestic context, in the form of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Russian petroleum sector. The chapter uses the British-Russian petroleum company TNK-BP as a case study to look at the interface between foreign companies and Russian actors, and to deduce how decisions are made on the Russian side about the interaction with foreign companies. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2011). Cooperation instead of Confrontation. Shtokman, Jamal and Russia's Energy Policy,

    i Osteuropa ,61. Jg., 2-3/2011

    .Die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Osteuropakunde.p. 129-142. An engergy-driven competition over resources is not taking place in the far north, as most of the resources is in territories that Russia has the indisputable right to develop. What we witness is a beauty contest between international oil firms for the right to develop fields in the region. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Robert W. Orttung (2011). A limited toolbox: Explaning the constraints on Russia's foreign energy policy,

    i Journal of Eurasian Studies 2 (2011)

    .Elsevier.p. 74-85.This analysis argues that the Russian leadership pursues a rational set of political and economic goals in its foreign energy policy, but that it is constrained in its efforts by the set of tools available to it. [Full-text version] [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Hilde Kutchera (2011). Pricing Pain: Social Discontent and Political Willpower in Russia's Gas Sector,

    in Europe-Asia Studies vol. 63 2, 2011

    .Taylor and Francis.p. 311-332.This article explores the influence of socio-economic discontent on the determination of decision makers to cut subsidies on natural gas for Russian households. The conclusion is that Russian policymaking is characterised by a pattern of 'two steps forward, one step back': decision makers are concerned about discontent, but nonetheless they ultimately press on with reform. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Robert Orttung (2011). Russia and the Formation of a Gas Cartel,

    in Problems of Post-Communism Volum 58.(3)

    .M.E. Sharpe.p. 53-66.The growing institutionalization of the Gas Exporting Countries' Forum gives Russia the ability to coordinate with other producers. Should it decide to do so, European consumers would be less able to seek out competing suppliers. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2011). La politique énergétique de la Russie en Arctique,

    in Études internationales ;Volum XLII.(2)

    .Erudit.p. 145-158.This article examines the nexus between Russian territorial interests and energy policy in the Arctic, as well as Western interpretations of Russian behaviour in these areas. The first part of the article deals with Russia's general Arctic policy and attempts to debunk some geopolitical myths, while the second part zooms in on the energy resources in the Russian Arctic and the prospects for the participation of international oil companies in the extraction of those resources. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Arild Moe , Fjærtoft, Daniel (2011). Space and Timing: Why was the Barents Sea Delimitation Dispute Resolved in 2010?,

    in Polar Geography, Volum 34.(3)

    .Taylor Francis.p. 145-162.The authors maintain that Russia's willingness to compromise on the Barents Sea delimitation dispute with Norway in 2010 was not,as sometimes assumed, driven by a thirst for the energy resources in the formerly disputed area, but instead by broader Russian foreign policy considerations. These include a general effort to reduce the risk of conflicts with neighboring states by clearing away as many territorial disputes as possible, the intention to improve Russia's image as a rule-abiding player on the international arena, and interest in strengthening the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea as the framework for Arctic governance. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2010). Subsidies for fossil fuels and climate change: a comparative perspective,

    in International Journal of Environmental Studies; vol. 67, no. 3

    .Elsevier.p. 303-317.The most obvious measure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is to remove the vast subsidies that promote higher energy consumption in more than half of the countries in the world. Why is it so difficult? [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2010). The Siberian curse: a blessing in disguise for renewable energy?,

    in Journal of Siberian Studies; vol. 9, no. 2

    .Berghahn.p. 1-20. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Pavel K. Baev (2010). The South Stream versus Nabucco pipeline race: geopolitical and economic (ir)rationalities and political stakes mega-projects,

    in International Affairs (L), vol. 86, 2010:no 6

    .Wiley-Blackwell.p. 1075-1090. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2010). Russia's Arctic Energy Policy,

    International Journal, vol. LXV, no. 4

    .Canadian International Council.p. 865-878.The article sheds light on some of the similar features of Russian and Norwegian policies and argues against a perspective that focuses on geopolitical competition. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor (2010). The Resource Curse and Authoritarianism in the Caspian Petro-States ,

    in Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor [eds.] Caspian Energy Politics: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan

    .Abingdon,Routledge.p. 1-12. [url]
  • Torjesen, Stina , Indra Overland, Heidi Kjærnet (2010). China and Russia: Partners or Firewalls for the Caspian Petro-States?,

    in Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor [eds.] Caspian Energy Politics: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan

    . Abingdon,Routledge.p. 93-100. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor (2010). The Logic of Authoritarianism in the Caspian Petro-States,

    in Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor [eds.] Caspian Energy Politics: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.

    .Abingdon,Routledge.p. 178-184. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Stina Torjesen (2010). Just Good Friends: Kazakhstan’s and Turkmenistan’s Energy Relations with Russia,

    in Overland, Indra , Heidi Kjærnet, Andrea Kendall-Taylor [eds.] Caspian Energy Politics: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan

    .Abingdon,Routledge.p. 136-149. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2009). The closure of the Russian military base at Akhalkalaki: challenges for the local energy elite, the informal economy and stability,

    Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, no. 10

    .p. 2-14.In 2007, the base of the Russian army’s 62nd Division at Akhalkalaki, Georgia was shut down. After outlining the historical role of the base in Russian–Armenian–Turkish relations, this article examines how it was the linchpin of informal economies and power relations among the Javakheti Armenians. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2009). Indigenous Rights in the Russian North,

    i Wilson Rowe, Elana [red], Russia and the North

    . Ottawa,University of Ottawa Press.p. 165-185.This chapter focus on the status of indigenous rights in the Russian North and to what extent Russia adhere to international standards on indigenous rights. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2009). Natural Gas and Russia-Turkmenistan Relations,

    In Russian Analytical Digest, no 56 (Special Issue: Russia's Energy Relations to Its Caspian Neighbors )

    .p. 9-13. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Kyrre Brækhus (2009). Chinese Perspectives on Russian Oil and Gas,

     In Jeronim Perovic, Robert Orttung and Andreas Wenger (eds), Russian Energy Power and Foreign Relations

    .London,Routledge.p. 201-221. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2008). International organisations, regional politics and the Meskhetian Turks,

    In Trier, Tom and Andrei Khanzhin, eds., Meskhetian Turks at a crossroads: integration, repatriation or resettlement?

    .p. 509-532. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2008). Natural gas projects in the Russian north: Implications for nothern European cooperation,

    in Blakkisrud, Helge , Pami Aalto, Hanna Smith [eds.] The New Northern Dimension of the European Neighbourhood

    .Brussels, Centre for European Policy Studies.p. 131-144. [url]
  • Kjærnet, Heidi , Indra Overland (2008). Doing business in Uzbekistan,

    OGEL – Oil, Gas and Energy Law, vol. 6, no. 3.

    .Voorburg,OGEL - Global Energy Law & Regulation Portal .This paper provides a short but comprehensive survey of different aspects of doing business in Uzbekistan. [url]
  • Kjærnet, Heidi , Indra Overland (2008). The Trajectory of Reform in Turkmenistan: Implications for Foreign Oil Companies,

    OGEL – Oil, Gas and Energy Law, vol. 6, no. 3

    .Voorburg,OGEL - Global Energy Law & Regulation Portal.p. . [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2008). Shtokman and Russia's Arctic Petroleum Frontier,

    in Robert Orttung, Jeronim Perovic, Heiko Pleines and Hans-Henning Schröder (eds) Russia's Energy Sector between Politics and Business

    .Bremen,Forschungsstelle Osteuropa an der Universität Bremen.p. 45-49.This paper discuss the development of the Shtokman project and it's implications for Russian–Norwegian relations in the north. [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2007). Regime Dynamics in Georgia,

    in The Caspian Sea Region Towards 2020, ECON Report 2007-008

    .Oslo,ECON.p. 49-56.This publication analyses the Saakashvili regime in Georgia after the Rose Revolution, detailing its development and stabilitet. It is part of a scenario-building project on the Caspian region. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Kyrre Brækhus (2007). A Match Made in Heaven? Strategic Convergence between China and Russia,

    in China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly , Vol. 5, No 2


    .p. 41-61.This article examines the strategic convergence between Russia and China. [url]
  • Wilson Rowe, Elana , Indra Overland (2007). Indigenous Issues,

    In Olav Schram Stokke and Geir Hønneland, eds. International Cooperation and Arctic Governance: Regime Effectiveness and Northern Region Building.

    .London,Routledge.p. 27-49.Examines the impact of Arctic regimes on indigenous issues [url]
  • Overland, Indra (2006). Poverty and International Aid among Russia’s Indigenous Peoples,

    in Robyn Eversole, John-Andrew McNeish and Alberto Cimadamore, eds., Indigenous Peoples and Poverty: An International Perspective

    .London,Zed Books.p. 108-125. [url]
  • Blakkisrud, Helge , Indra Overland (2005). The Evolution of Federal Indigenous Policy in the Post-Soviet North,

    in Helge Blakkisrud and Geir Hønneland, ed., T ackling Space. Federal Politics and the Russian North . Lanham, University Press of America .

    .Lanham,University Press of America.p. 163-192. [url]
  • Overland, Indra , Victor Waldemar Jensen (). Sjtokman-prosjektets blindsone: fransk-russiske relasjoner,

    i Internasjonal Politikk 3/2011

    .p. 387-411.Artikkelen fokuserer på forholdet mellom Frankrike og Russland i lys av utbyggingen av Sjtokman-feltet. Hvilke konsekvenser kan Sjtokman få for denne komplekse relasjonen med dype historiske røtter? [url]

Books and reports

Working Papers

Popular publishing

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